MIDI stands for Musical Instrument Digital (or Direct, in some circles) Interface. It is a common language that electronic musical instruments use to communicate with each other. MIDI can send information such as note on/note off messages, sustain pedal information, pitch bend and modulation, and a host of other messages that allow synthesizers, drum machines and MIDI sequencers to exchange data. With MIDI you can use a master keyboard to control the sounds of another MIDI instrument, send banks of sound patches, transmit digital samples from one unit to another, and record real-time MIDI data into a sequencer for editing and playback.

It is done with ports – IN, which receives MIDI data; OUT, which transmits MIDI data, and; THRU, which replicates the MIDI data arriving at the MIDI IN port and sends it out.


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